A healthy lifestyle includes habits that promote wellness in all aspects of a person’s life. These include good nutrition, physical activity and a regular sleep pattern. The goal is to feel well physically, emotionally and mentally. Healthy living looks different for everyone. Each person gets to decide what it means for them.
There are four primary factors that influence an individual’s health: genetics, environment, access to health care and behavior. Of these, behavioral choices have the greatest impact. In fact, they account for 50% of the difference in an individual’s health status. Of these, three are particularly important: not smoking, exercise and diet.
The foundation of a healthy lifestyle is a nutritious diet, which should be low in saturated fat, trans fat and added sugars, as well as being high in fiber and vitamins and minerals. Eating a variety of foods is also important. In addition to consuming plenty of fruits and vegetables, it is a good idea to eat whole grains (such as brown rice, quinoa or barley), lean meats and fish.
Regular exercise is essential to a healthy lifestyle, and the recommended amount of daily physical activity is 30 minutes on most days. This can be broken up into several 10-minute sessions throughout the day. Physical activity reduces stress, improves the microbiome, builds muscle mass and boosts mood.
To create a consistent, sustainable routine, make gradual changes to your daily behaviors and set realistic goals. For example, instead of trying to cut back on all treats at once, replace one sugary treat each week with a healthier alternative such as yogurt or an apple. Or, if you typically eat breakfast at the office, try setting aside time to make your own healthy version of a traditional egg sandwich with whole grain bread or berries.
Creating and maintaining healthy lifestyles can be challenging, especially in this era of fast food and high screen time. Fortunately, there are many resources to help you create healthy habits and maintain them over the long term.
It’s also important to see your doctor regularly — ideally on an annual basis — to ensure that you are on the right track with your health and to catch any issues early on.
A healthy lifestyle can be difficult to achieve and maintain, but it is possible with the help of professionals. Talking to a counselor or therapist can be a great way to cope with stress, and there are plenty of options for getting active, eating better and sleeping more. The most important thing to remember is that a healthy lifestyle is a journey, not a destination. It can take weeks, months or even years for new habits to become a part of your daily routine, and it is crucial not to give up after a few attempts. For most people, the benefits of a healthy lifestyle are worth the effort. Hälsosam livsstil